Biomechanical Analysis of the Dominant Foot and Non-Dominant Foot during Shooting with the Internal Instep as a Basis for Soccer Specific Exercises
Shooting with the internal instep is a basic soccer skill. It should be developed so as to be used effectively during the rare chances appearing for attackers during the match. Therefore, attackers, and soccer players in general, should concentrate on developing this skill for both feet (dominant and non-dominant).
After reviewing several matches of The Egyptian League during 2014-2015 season, the researchers noticed that Egyptian soccer players depend only on one foot, the dominant one, to perform all required skills, especially shooting with internal instep. Furthermore, they neglect the other, non-dominant- foot completely. This leads to losing the ball if the player is pivoting on his dominant foot during receiving the ball as is not able to shoot with his non-dominant foot. The player receives the ball and continues playing without using the non-dominant foot as he is discouraged to use it for fear of not achieving his playing objectives.
The researchers analyzed this observation through game analysis of some matches of the Egyptian League and Egypt’s Cup. This analysis revealed that most Egyptian players are reluctant in using their non-dominant feet for performing major skills including shooting with internal instep. Most Egyptian players depend on their dominant feet while players of European Leagues perform shooting with internal instep with both feet.
Game situations require that soccer players should use both feet effectively as in some situations the player may initiate attack from various places in the field. Thus he needs to use his non-dominant foot. If the player does not use his non-dominant hand he may lose the right moment for shooting in addition to losing the ball. Modern soccer needs speed and fast reaction to deal with the ball accurately and without this, players may not be able to score goals to win.
This indicates the importance of using non-dominant foot in shooting with internal instep as a means for scoring goals, the final target of any attack in soccer.
The researchers thought in using biomechanical analysis to identify the weaknesses of the correct technique for using non-dominant foot in shooting with internal instep. This can be done through analyzing the dominant (kicking) foot and non-dominant (non-kicking) foot for right-footed and left-footed players.
This is consistent with previous studies of Souilem, A. (2013), Saber, T. (2011) and Abd El-Aziz, A. (2009) (4, 11 and 1)
Biomechanics specialists like Berekaa, M. & Al-Sokary, K. (2002) indicated that performance analysis identifies weaknesses and strengths of the technique used by an athlete and this helps coaches to design the type of training suitable for their athletes. Alaa El-Din, G. (1989) indicated that mastering and improving technical performance is closely related to the correct details of movement and these fine details are unified in one locomotion system used in technical performance in addition to how individual athletes direct and control these movements. Movements of all body parts are unified in one system directing movements so that all performances or motor behaviors are integrated (5: 29) (3: 3, 5)
According to the researchers’ knowledge, no previous studies dealt with biomechanical indicators distinguishing dominant and non-dominant foot during shooting with internal instep in soccer. In addition, coaches do not use these indicators in designing their training programs. This led the researchers to perform the current research to study the biomechanical indicators of dominant and non-dominant foot during shooting with internal instep in soccer as a basis for designing specific exercises training program for soccer players.
Aim: The current research aims to establish a biomechanical basis for specific exercises of shooting with internal instep in soccer through identifying the following:
- The biomechanical characteristics of the dominant and non-dominant foot during shooting with internal instep for right-footed soccer players
- The biomechanical characteristics of the dominant and non-dominant foot during shooting with internal instep for left-footed soccer players
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